We live in Ukraine.
It’s one of the largest countries of Eastern
Europe1. The territory of Ukraine is 603 700 km2.
Its territory stretches for2
893 kilometers from the north3
to the south4 and for 1,316
kilometers from the east to the west. Ukraine borders on5 Russia, Belarus, Moldova, Slovakia, Hungary,
Poland and Romania. It is washed by6
the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov.
The major part7 of Ukraine is flat8. There are Carpathian
Mountains in the west and the Crimean Mountains in the south but they are not high9. The main rivers
are the Dnieper, the Dniester, the Bug, the Donets and others. The longest one
is the Dnieper.
The independence10 of Ukraine was proclaimed11 on the 24th
of August, 1991. Ukraine has its own state
symbols12, Constitution, currency13
and government14. There
is the Crimean Autonomous Republic in Ukraine, 24 administrative districts15, and the cities
of Kyiv (its capital) and Sevastopol. The power in the country is divided into legislative16, executive17 and judiciary18. The main legislative body19 of Ukraine is the Verhovna Rada20, which consists of 450 deputies. The highest executive body is the president21. Another part of the executive branch22 is the
Cabinet of Ministers, which is headed23
by the Prime Minister.
The judiciary power
belongs24 to the
and regional courts.
The climate of
Ukraine is mostly moderately continental26,
but the Crimean climate27
is subtropical28. The
winter is usually mild29
without severe frosts30 and summer is usually dry31 and hot32.
Due to favorable climatic conditions33, Ukraine is
traditionally an agrecultural34
country. Weat35, maize36 and other corns37, vegetables, all
kinds of fruit are grown here.
The country is rich
in natural resources38,
such as iron ore39, coal40, non-ferrous metals41,
oil42, and gas.
Ukraine produces43 planes and ships,
lorries and buses, electronic equipment44
and agricultural machines, TV and radio-sets and other goods45.
We have a lot of big sea
ports, for example Odessa, Kherson, Mykolaiv, Ismail, Mariupol and Kerch.
The biggest cities
of Ukraine are Kyiv, Kharkov, Zaporizhia, Dnipropetrovsk, Odessa, Lviv…
The population46 of Ukraine is
about 46 million people.